Metal is one of the materials that has been used throughout centuries. When looking back in history, it is possible to witness the rich background of this material and see the evolution it has been through.
In some cases, metal is also viewed as one of the bases of human civilization, considering it is what most of the tools are shaped from. And with that, let’s take a deep look into the history, and find out different nuances that have shaped the importance of this material.
Ancient Metalworking Techniques
The usage of metal started with the discovery of copper smelting, which dates back to 7000 BC. Various civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, and The Indus Valley would use the malleable metal to create various tools and even decorative objects. During these processes, they used different techniques such as hammering and casting the materials.
A significant step forward was the coppering of bronze, alloy, and tin. Later, with the Bronze Age, bronze got to a whole new level of attention. It was viewed as some kind of revolution in metalworking since as one of the metal types the material bronze was harder and more durable than pure copper. These features allowed people to come up with sharper weapons and sturdier armor.
The Iron Age: 1200 BC․
The new techniques of metalworking were thriving. Around this age, people discovered the benefits of iron. It was proved to be stronger, and even more durable than bronze itself. One of the first to master ironworking and its techniques was the Hittites, who kept those as closely guarded secret as possible, considering the impact it could have on various strategies.
The Age of Renaissance. Metal Treatment
The Renaissance blacksmiths and metalworkers became essential to society since metalworking techniques were becoming more refined. One of the materials, Damascus steel, was presented to civilization during this period.
The Renaissance is known for its cultural and scientific rise and during this time there has been noticed metalworking innovations as well. New, better alloys were brought up by the innovative advancements. The art of metalworking was seeing new techniques, one of which was engraving, which is a more detailed and intricate way of shaping and decorating the metal.
Modern Innovations: Pushing The Boundaries of Possibility․
The concept of metalworking was changed by the Industrial Revolution. The process of working with metal saw a new, undiscovered technique, which was mechanization. With this advancement, the tasks that required manual labor now could be automated. This eased and fastened the metalworking process for all the workers in the field. Moreover, the field progression helped in mass production and promoted the industry’s evolution.
In the 20th century, when our ancestors were exploring new, unknown territories, the metal material had to withstand conditions that had not yet been discovered by mankind. This was mostly about the space age, with the popular astronauts, that we still talk about and remember. One of the spaceships that is known for its strength and lightness was an invaluable asset created by a human being.
During this time a few other techniques emerged in the metalworking industry, those were power metallurgy, laser cutting, and electron beam melting. These techniques expanded the horizons of working with metal, giving new opportunities to come up with reliable ships, transports, airplanes, and more.
These innovations in the field have given to society to create sustainability. The new, creative techniques now allow us to recycle various metals, and reduce waste, and energy consumption, which, in its part, promotes the aspect of eco-consciousness of the world.
Conclusion: The Future Based On The Past
Nowadays the art of metalworking technique gives us new techniques, and more sustainable equipment, allowing us to travel miles away from home, construct more reliable houses, various buildings, and more. Nowadays, even in the decoration of apartments, many people use metal railings, which are prepared according to the unique tastes and preferences of individuals. The techniques grow, just like the opportunities of easy and advanced life.
With the new perspective of metalworking, the challenges of space exploration, and sustainable development seem achievable in the future since metalworking is one of the cornerstones with its crucial role. The rich essence of metalworking is a base of new achievements and discoveries.